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  • Writer's pictureReda Chebli

Understanding the Impact of Capital Gains Inclusion Rate Changes: Federal Budget 2024

The recent federal budget announcement regarding the increase in the inclusion rate for capital gains has significant implications for property owners and investors. Effective from June 25, 2024, the inclusion rate for capital gains will rise to 66.7% for amounts exceeding $250,000. This change affects those owning secondary residences and rental properties, who will now face higher tax burdens when selling these assets.

Key Changes in Legislation

The federal government’s new measure, also adopted by Quebec, maintains the inclusion rate at 50% for the first $250,000 of capital gains, but increases it to 66.7% for gains beyond this threshold. This modification requires property owners to reassess their financial strategies to minimize the tax impact. Consulting with financial professionals is strongly recommended to navigate these changes effectively.

Timing and Market Impact

For those considering selling their secondary residences or rental properties before the new legislation takes effect, there is still time, albeit limited, to list and sell these properties. Given the current market conditions influenced by interest rates, competitive pricing is crucial. Potential sellers should evaluate whether selling now will provide sufficient financial benefit to offset the rush.

Buyer Sentiment and Market Dynamics

Despite concerns, the increase in the inclusion rate is unlikely to deter buyers significantly. Historical context shows that capital gains were once taxed at 75%, and investors remained active. For owner-occupants, the primary goal is to live in the property and offset costs with rental income. These owners benefit from tax exemptions on gains related to their primary residence.

For investors, the increase in the tax rate is marginal compared to the overall returns from rental income. Additionally, the measure is less likely to impact those engaged in property flipping, as their gains typically do not exceed the new threshold significantly.

Exemptions and Specific Considerations

The primary residence exemption remains a crucial factor, as properties used as main homes are not subject to capital gains tax. This exemption also extends to agricultural and fishing properties. For other properties, understanding the implications of the new rate is essential.

Calculating Capital Gains

To calculate capital gains, subtract the purchase price from the selling price of the property. For instance, if a property bought for $100,000 is sold for $150,000, the capital gain is $50,000. With the new legislation, if this gain exceeds $250,000, the portion above this threshold will be taxed at the higher inclusion rate.

Tax Implications for Sellers

Sellers will face increased taxes on significant gains. For example, a $300,000 gain would be split into $250,000 taxed at 50% and the remaining $50,000 taxed at 66.7%. This adjustment necessitates careful financial planning to manage the increased tax liability.

Buyer Considerations and Financial Planning

Buyers must incorporate the new tax implications into their investment strategies. A thorough analysis of the long-term financial viability of potential property investments is critical. Adjusting financial plans to account for higher future tax burdens will ensure that investments remain profitable.


The increase in the capital gains inclusion rate represents a significant shift in real estate taxation, impacting both sellers and buyers. By understanding these changes and seeking professional advice, property owners and investors can navigate the new landscape effectively, ensuring their financial strategies align with the updated tax regulations.

Final Thoughts

As the market adapts to these legislative changes, staying informed and proactive is key. Whether considering selling or purchasing properties, understanding the full scope of these tax adjustments will help in making well-informed decisions. Consulting with real estate and financial professionals can provide valuable insights tailored to individual circumstances, ensuring that both short-term and long-term financial goals are met.


This article is not intended to provide financial or tax advice. For personalized advice, please consult a qualified financial advisor or tax professional.

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